Slide – Deconstructing Questions

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Keywords and Outcomes in Writing Essays

Welcome. What we are looking at in this video is, we can be going to be looking at how you will use Keywords and Outcomes, when you look at a question and when you interpret a question in order to answer it.
So we're going to actually look beyond the question of elements, which basically affected how you're going to respond to your essay. And namely, that is looking at both sides outcomes and using keywords as part of your answer.
So we're going to be going now just finding those keywords, looking at how you would actually use them as part of your answer. Okay, so first of all, outcomes should be your first consideration when answering a question. And if you have them, or if you don't have them, find them, find out exactly what it is the question is expecting you to do, because it's not going to be standard in your answer, or in your question, what is exactly you need to try and do in your work? Well, it will be shown through is your outcomes, it will give you an idea of what you're expected to do, as an outline exactly what it is you're going to be marked on, where you're going to get your scores, so to speak, how you should go about developing it. And often you'll find keywords such as you're able to develop, maintain and organize an argument.
So immediately have a look at that and make sure that it says something like that, but even just have a broad look at the outcomes and just sort of seeing what it is you're going to be assessed on. They will give you as I said, a guideline for what it is exactly you're going to be marked on. When I say what it is you're going to be marked on, your criteria does not get pulled out of the air, it gets pulled from both sides outcomes, and you're graded according to how well you made each outcome.
Having a look at those things will tell you exactly what your marking sheet will look like. If you don't already have it. If you already have it, then obviously, you look at the marking sheet, which again will be based on the outcome. So it goes a bit full circle there. But the thing is, you need to have a look at these things. Because of that idea because you need to know exactly what's expected of you and your answer. And your question isn't, as I said, necessarily going to indicate that now is you're coming across one of those questions where it may not necessarily be asking you to write a formal, traditional essay. Again, this is one of those things that will really help you identify that. That's not exactly what is you need to be doing.
So it's very important that you have a look at this. Okay, keywords. This is the big thing because it does basically three things it,
• First of all, it highlights exactly what the question is asking.
• It keeps your response consistent.
• It strengthens your argument and relationship to the question.
What I mean by identifying keywords, or using keywords for that matter, is pick some words from the question exact words from the question, or at least a definition, which is based on the question and use it over and over. Because first of all, what that will do is it will highlight what the question is asking. So what you believe the question is asking more than anything. So if it's asking how it represents something, and you use that keyword as representation, then immediately you're highlighting what the question is asking. It keeps your response consistent as in you're going to be focusing on representation. And that aspects of the question or other parts of the question get asked, and making sure that your response is consistently directed back towards the question, and it strengthens it. Because it's not going in a different direction. It's making sure that by using those words, you're proving that your argument is related to the question immediately.
If you've got all those three things, then basically what you're doing is you're not only highlighting that you understand what the question is asking, but you're making sure that everything you're writing links directly back to that.
So let's go "Why keywords?" Well, they keep things simple. By having only a few things in mind when you're writing and playing. It helps to keep you on track and keeps you on that straight road. You can use basically keywords into two ways, as I mentioned before,
• Based on the question
• Based on your interpretation, which is defining your definition.
So the way you interpret the question, which is your introduction, you will state how you define the question, then you would use that keyword throughout your response in order as I said, to keep it consistent, and to keep going back to that main idea. You don't want to be jumping from one idea to the next to the next, next, next because at that point, your marks start to get a bit lost.