Number Sequences


In $\textit{sequences}$, it is important that we can;

  • recognise a pattern in a set of numbers
  • describe the pattern in words
  • continue the pattern.

A $\textit{number sequence}$ is an ordered list of numbers defined by a rule.

  • The sequence starts at $4$ and add $5$ each time.
  • $4, 9, 14, 19, \cdots$

The numbers in the sequence are said to be its $\textit{terms}$.

  • The first term is $4$.
  • The second term is $9$.

A sequence which continues forever is called an $\textit{infinite sequence}$.

  • $4, 9, 14, 19, \cdots$

A sequence which terminates is called a $\textit{finite sequence}$.

  • $4, 9, 14, 19, 24, 29, 34$

Example 1

Write down the first four terms of the sequence if you start with 5 and add 3 each time.

$5, 8, 11, 14$

Example 2

Write down the first four terms of the sequence if you start with 99 and subtract 4 each time.

$99, 95, 91, 87$

Example 3

Write down the first four terms of the sequence if you start with 4 and multiply 3 each time.

$4, 12, 36, 108$

Example 4

Describe the sequence: $3, 7, 11, 14, \cdots$.

The sequence starts at $3$ and each term is $4$ more than the previous term.

Example 5

Describe the sequence: $76, 73, 70, 67, \cdots$.

The sequence starts at $76$ and each term is $3$ less than the previous term.

Example 6

Describe the sequence: $2, 6, 18, 54, \cdots$.

The sequence starts at 2 and each term is $3$ times the previous term.

Example 7

Describe the sequence: $1, 4, 9, 16, \cdots$.

$1^2=1,2^2=4,3^2=9,4^2=16$
Each term is the square of the term number.

Example 8

Find the next two terms of $1, 8, 27, 64$.

Each term is the cube of the term number.
$5^3=125$
$6^3=216$


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