 # Exponential Growth and Decay using Logarithms

It has been known that how exponential functions can be used to model a variety of growth and decay situations. These included the growth of populations and the decay of radioactive substances. In this lesson we consider more growth and decay problems, focusing particularly on how logarithms can be used in there solution. Population Growth […] # Exponential Inequalities using Logarithms

Inequalities are worked in exactly the same way except that there is a change of sign when dividing or multiplying both sides of the inequality by a negative number. \begin{array}{|c|c|c|} \hline \log_{2}{3}=1.6>0 & \log_{5}{3}=0.7>0 & \log_{10}{3}=0.5>0 \\ \hline \log_{2}{2}=1>0 & \log_{5}{2}=0.4>0 & \log_{10}{2}=0.3>0 \\ \hline \log_{2}{1}=0 & \log_{5}{1}=0 & \log_{10}{1}=0 \\ \hline \log_{2}{0.5}=-1<0 & \log_{5}{0.5}=-0.4<0 […] # Exponential Equations using Logarithms

We can find solutions to simple exponential equations where we could make equal bases and then equate exponents (indices). For example, $2^{x}=8$ can be written as $2^x = 2^3$. Therefore the solution is $x=3$. However, it is not always easy to make the bases the same such as $2^x=5$. In these situations, we use $\textit{logarithms}$ […] # Exponential Decay

Consider a radioactive substance with original weight $30$ grams. It $\textit{decays}$ or reduces by $4\%$ each year. The multiplier for this is $96\%$ or $0.96$. When the multiplier is less than $1$, we call it as $\textit{Exponential Decay}$. If $R_n$ is the weight after $n$ years, then: \( \begin{align} \displaystyle R_0 &= 30 \\ R_1 […] # Exponential Growth

We will examine situations where quantities are increasing exponentially. This situation is known as $\textit{exponential growth modelling}$, and occur frequently in our real-life around us. The population of species, people, bacteria and investment usually $\textit{growth}$ in an exponential way. Growth is exponential when the quantity present is multiplied by a constant for each unit time […] # Natural Exponential Graphs

$$y=e^x$$ Natural Exponential Graphs also follow the rule of translations and transformations. Example 1 Sketch the graphs of $y=e^x$ and $y=-e^x$. Reflected to the $x$-axis. Example 2 Sketch the graphs of $y=e^x$ and $y=-e^{-x}$. Example 3 Sketch the graphs of $y=e^x$ and $y=e^{-x}$. Example 4 Sketch the graphs of $y=e^x$ and $y=e^{x+1}$. Translated to left. […] # Exponential Equations (Indicial Equations)

The equation $a^x=y$ is an example of a general exponent equation (indicial equation) and $2^x = 32$ is an example of a more specific exponential equation (indicial equation). To solve one of these equations it is necessary to write both sides of the equation with the same base if the unknown is an exponent (index) […]