 # How to Find the Number of Roots by Stationary Points and Deduce for an Inverse Function Explained Quickly

The stationary points can be found by solving the derivatives to zero. Some cubic equations have one root if the stationary points are in the same sign, such as two stationary points are either above the x-axis or below the x-axis. In these cases, the cubic graph cuts the x-axis only once, so the cubic […] # Differentiation and Displacement, Velocity and Acceleration

Distance Distance is the magnitude of the total movement from the start point or a fixed point. Displacement The displacement of a moving position relative to a fixed point. Displacement gives both the distance and direction that a particle is from a fixed point. For example, a particle moves $5$ units forwards from […] # Maxima and Minima with Trigonometric Functions

Periodic motions can be modelled by a trigonometric equation. By differentiating these functions we are then able to solve problems relating to maxima (maximums) and minima (minimums). Remember that the following steps are used when solving a maximum or minimum problem. Step 1: Find $f^{\prime}(x)$ to obtain the gratest function. Step 2: Solve for $x$ […] # Maximum and Minimum of Quadratics by Domain

Example 1 Find the maximum and minimum values of $y=x^2$, for $1 \le x \le 2$. From the graph, its maximum value is $4$, when $x=2$, and its minimum value is $1$, when $x=1$. Example 2 Find the maximum and minimum values of $y=x^2$, for $-2 \le x \le -1$. From the graph, its maximum […] # How to Express the Velocity and the Acceleration as Functions of Displacement and Time

If a particle $P$ moves in a straight line and its position is given by the displacement function $x(t)$, then: the velocity of $P$ at time $t$ is given by $v(t) = x'(t)$ the acceleration of $P$ at time $t$ is given by $a(t)=v'(t)=x^{\prime \prime}(t)$ $x(0)$, $v(0)$ and $a(0)$ give the position, velocity and acceleration […] # Inflection Points (Points of Inflection)

Horizontal (stationary) point of inflection (inflection point) If $x \lt a$, then $f'(x) \gt 0$ and $f^{\prime \prime}(x) \le 0 \rightarrow$ concave down. If $x = a$, then $f'(x) = 0$ and $f^{\prime \prime}(x) = 0 \rightarrow$ horizontal point inflection. If $x \gt a$, then $f'(x) \gt 0$ and $f^{\prime \prime}(x) \ge 0 \rightarrow$ concave […] # Turning Points and Nature

A turning point of a function is a point where $f'(x)=0$. A maximum turning point is a turning point where the curve is concave up (from increasing to decreasing ) and $f^{\prime}(x)=0$ at the point.  \begin{array}{|c|c|c|} \hline f^{\prime}(x) \gt 0 & f'(x) = 0 & f'(x) \lt 0 \\ \hline & \text{maximum} & \\ […] # Increasing Functions and Decreasing Functions

Increasing and Decreasing We can determine intervals where a curve is increasing or decreasing by considering $f'(x)$ on the interval in question. $f'(x) \gt 0$: $f(x)$ is increasing $f'(x) \lt 0$: $f(x)$ is decreasing Monotone (Monotonic) Increasing or Decreasing Many functions are either increasing or decreasing for all $x \in \mathbb{R}$. These functions are called […] # Finding the Normal Equations

A normal to a curve is a straight line passing through the point where the tangent touches the curve and is perpendicular (at right angles) to the tangent at that point. The gradient of the tangent to a curve is $m$, then the gradient of the normal is $\displaystyle -\dfrac{1}{m}$, as the product of the […]